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lagi galakan penyususan susu ibu
#1
Kenalan Baru
Info
Anggun: Susu ibu semai kasih
Oleh NORAINON OTHMAN


RAMAI tahu khasiat susu ibu daripada sudut kesihatan, malangnya masih ramai tidak bersungguh-sungguh menyusui bayi kerana alasan tertentu yang kadangkala kurang munasabah.

Susu ibu sepatutnya menjadi santapan pertama anak ketika lahir dan berterusan sehingga si kecil mencapai usia dua tahun sebagaimana dituntut Islam.


Berapa banyak pun susu formula yang menggunakan teknologi masa kini dicipta, ia tidak mampu menyamai keunggulan makanan ajaib ini.

Melihat kelebihan susu ibu dalam jangka panjang membentuk keperibadian seseorang, Presiden Pertubuhan Wanita Muslim Antarabangsa Malaysia, Dr Robiah Kulop Hamzah, berkata anak yang diberi susu ibu lebih senang dibentuk atau dilentur.

Menurutnya, cairan ini adalah unsur pertama bagi menyemai kasih sayang dan kejiwaan dalam diri anak, iaitu secara fizikal melalui pelukan erat ibu ketika menyusu anak. Ia adalah lesen pertama membentuk dan membangun kekuatan personaliti anak, membentuk jiwa hamba Allah, jujur dan berketrampilan.

Susu ibu terjamin kebersihannya kerana tiada sentuhan tangan manusia dan jika betul cara didikan ibu bapa, anak akan menjadi insan yang baik.

Memberi susu ibu ialah konsep memberi dan menerima, menjadikan hubungan antara anak dan ibu akrab kerana selama dua tahun menyusu ibu, si anak membesar menjadi individu yang patuh pada orang tua dan tidak banyak melukakan hati ibu.

“Susu ibu dapat menurunkan darjah sikap melawan atau menentang ibu kerana rangkulan si ibu ketika menyusui bayinya memberi aura ketaatan. Malah, dalam jangka panjang, susu ibu menjadikan kesihatan mental, fizikal dan emosi anak lebih mantap.

“Jika ketika mengandungkan anak, ibu sering membaca ayat suci al-Quran sebagai makanan rohani anak dalam kandungan, selepas melahirkan, amalan boleh diteruskan ketika menyusu anak. Ketika menyusu bayi, ibu digalakkan membaca doa yang baik untuk kesejahteraan anak, ayat al-Quran serta harapannya supaya anak itu menjadi orang berguna. Ruang mendoakan anak terbuka selebar-lebarnya ketika menyusu anak. Melalui cara itu, anak bukan saja sihat daripada segi fizikal dan mental, tetapi juga rohani,” katanya.

Anak yang menyusui susu ibu sangat dekat hubungan kejiwaannya dengan ibu dan bapa dan emosinya tidak mudah terganggu.

“Amalan menyusu berserta doa dan harapan juga baik jika dibuat dengan menyentuh ubun-ubun anak dan membelainya. Anak mendapat tumpahan kasih sayang dan perhatian mutlak daripada ibu ketika menyusu.

“Degil macam manapun, anak yang menyusu ibu akhirnya akan mendengar cakap ibu. Begitu juga jika setinggi manapun pangkatnya, jika penyusuan ibu lengkap dan disertai amalan doa, anak akan menghormati dan taat padanya,” katanya.

Dr Robiah berkata, kebanyakan ibu yang memberi alasan tidak dapat menyusu anak kerana susunya kering berpunca daripada tindakan memakan ubat yang menyebabkan masalah itu atau tidak gembira ketika memberi susu badan.

“Ibu perlu membuat persediaan untuk menyusukan anak ketika hamil lagi, iaitu dengan mengambil makanan berkhasiat. Jika menghadapi masalah susu kering, ibu boleh mengambil ubat penggalak susu atau makan makanan yang boleh memperbanyakkan susu ibu.

“Ada sebilangan ibu berpendapat, susah hendak kembali bekerja selepas cuti bersalin jika menyusukan anak. Malah, ada juga berpendapat, jika tidak menyusu anak, mudah sedikit jika dia hendak pergi kursus,” katanya.

marilah kita menyusukan anak2 kita..moga lahirnya generasi modal insan yg cemerlang, gemilang dan terbilang


Posted on: 2008/1/24 11:15
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Re: lagi galakan penyususan susu ibu
#2
Rakan Arif
Info
nak tambah lg fakta ttg kebaikan penyusuan ibu ni..

Many studies comparing the frequency of illness between breast- and formula-fed infants have demonstrated fewer illnesses and less severe illnesses in breast-fed infants (Garza et. al Special Properties of Human Milk, Clinics of Perinatology 14:11-32, 1987). While it is very difficult to separate all of the variables of parenting style and environment, mounting evidence shows a striking reduction in the incidence and seriousness of gastrointestinal infections, respiratory infections, and ear infections in breast-fed babies (Duncan et. Al Exclusive Breast Feeding for at Least Four Months Protects Against Otitis Media, Pediatrics 91:867-872 1993.) In evaluating the benefits of breast milk, the American Academy of Pediatrics conducted a review of the literature for evidence of disease reduction with the use of human milk. In their policy statement on breastfeeding, they found "strong evidence" that breast milk reduces the incidence and/or severity of diseases such as diarrhea, lower respiratory infections, ear infections, bacterial meningitis, and urinary tract infections. (American Academy of Pediatrics Work Group on Breastfeeding, Pediatrics 100:1035-1039, 1997)]. Other studies have shown a decrease in non-infectious diseases such as eczema and asthma. If the immunoglobulins are rendered useless by digestion, how could this be?

1. Psychological factors: You mentioned that these scientists suggest that the only difference between formula and breast milk is psychological. I strongly disagree that this is the only difference, but I agree that the psychological difference can have profound implications. Over the last decade-and-a-half, the developing field of psychoneuroimmunology has demonstrated repeatedly that an individual's psychological state has a direct effect on his or her immune function. Perhaps the nursing experience by itself does directly improve the immune status of infants.

2. Immunoglobulins: All types of immunoglobulins are found in human milk. The highest concentration is found in colostrum, the pre-milk that is only available from the breast the first three to five days of the baby's life. Secretory IGA, a type of immunoglobulin that protects the ears, nose, throat, and the GI tract, is found in high amounts in breast milk throughout the first year. Secretory IGA does its work before it is digested in the stomach. Secretory IGA attaches to the lining of the nose, mouth, and throat and fights the attachment of specific infecting agents. Breast milk levels of IGA against specific viruses and bacteria increase in response to a maternal exposure to these organisms. Human milk has been called environmentally specific milk -- the mother provides it for her infant to protect specifically against the organisms that her infant is most likely to be exposed to.

3. Lactoferrin: Lactoferrin is an iron-binding protein that is found in human milk, but is not available in formulas. It limits the availability of iron to bacteria in the intestines, and alters which healthy bacteria will thrive in the gut. Again, it is found in the highest concentrations in colostrum, but persists throughout the entire first year. It has a direct antibiotic effect on bacteria such as staphylococci and E. coli.

4. Lysozyme: Human breast milk contains lysozyme (a potent digestive ingredient) at a level thirty times higher than in any formula. Interestingly, while other contents of breast milk vary widely between well nourished and poorly nourished mothers, the amount of lysozyme is conserved, suggesting that it is very important. It has a strong influence on the type of bacteria that inhabit the intestinal tract.

5. Growth Factors: Human breast milk specifically encourages the growth of Lactobacillaceae, which are helpful bacteria that can inhibit many of the disease-causing gram-negative bacteria and parasites. In fact, there is a striking difference between the bacteria found in the guts of breast- and formula-fed infants. Breast-fed infants have a level of lactobacillus that is typically 10 times greater than that of formula-fed infants. Both the presence of the lactobacilli and the action of the lactoferrins and lysosomes help protect the infant.

6. Allergic factors: The cows' milk protein used in most formulas is a foreign protein. When babies are exposed to non-human milk, they actually develop antibodies to the foreign protein. Research has shown that without exception the important food allergens found in milk and soybean formulas are stable to digestion in the stomach for as long as 60 minutes (as compared to human milk protein which is digested in the stomach within 15 minutes). The foreign proteins pass through the stomach and reach the intestines intact, where they gain access and can produce sensitization. While research in this area is still relatively new, this early exposure to foreign proteins may be the predisposing factor in such illnesses as eczema and asthma. The effects of early exposure to foreign protein are explored in three abstracts in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, from January of 1996.

7. Carnitine: While carnitine is present in both breast milk and formula, the carnitine in breast milk has higher bioavailability. Breast-fed babies have significantly higher carnitine levels than their counterparts. Carnitine is necessary to make use of fatty acids as an energy source. Other functions of carnitine have been hypothesized, but have not yet been proven.

8. DHA & ARA: The main long-chain fatty acids found in human milk are still not present in many formulas in the United States. These lipids are important structural components, particularly in the substance of the brain and the retina. Significantly different amounts of these ingredients have been found in the brains and retinas of breast-fed versus formula-fed infants. This difference may have other subtle effects on the cell membrane integrity in other parts of the body as well.

Apart from the specific properties that I have mentioned above, it is important to emphasize that breast milk is a dynamic fluid that changes in composition throughout the day and throughout the course of lactation. It provides for the baby the specific nutrients that are needed at each age and in each situation. The early data about breast milk was obtained from the pooled breast milk of many mothers. At that time it was not understood how unique human breast milk is for each individual infant (Lawrence, P.B. Breast Milk, Pediatric Clinics of North America, Oct. 1994). (Breast milk tastes different from feeding to feeding, which is another advantage over formula, as it prepares babies for the wide variety of foods to which they will be exposed in the future.)

The suggestions you heard from these prominent scientists serve as a good reminder that the mysteries of this dynamic fluid have not, by any means, been fully deciphered. Nevertheless, it becomes clearer year by year, that human milk is precisely designed for human babies. There may well be other important micro-nutrients or factors that we don't even have instruments to measure yet. Not many decades ago, immunoglobulins were unknown. While formulas are an excellent alternative when breast feeding is not possible, human breast milk is the superior food for human babies for many, many reasons.


Posted on: 2008/1/24 11:26
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Re: lagi galakan penyususan susu ibu
#3
Kenalan Baru
Info
ehm.... memang susu ibu is the best.... sesapa pun tak boleh sangkalkan....cuma mereka yang belum sedar sahaja tidak mahu memberikan the best 4 their children....moga2 yg belum sedar akan sedar insyaAllah

Posted on: 2008/4/6 15:36
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Re: lagi galakan penyususan susu ibu
#4
Kenalan Baru
Info
betul tu...baru skrg ni sy sedr betapa ruginya saya tak berusaha lebih tuk bagi susu ibu kat anak dulu. Dulu ms anak sulung time bg susu tu la dia duk mengamuk tak nak isap, maybe sy tak berapa pndi lagi masa tu..Now anak kedua ni sy pulun la bagi..

Posted on: 2008/5/9 10:18
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Re: lagi galakan penyususan susu ibu
#5
Rakan Setia
Info
lagi mudah bagi direct.. mommies po dpt rehat..

kesian kt kwn sy.. bby xpandai direct.. tpaksa minum botol.. dh hampir 8bln po..

Posted on: 2008/5/9 11:32
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Re: lagi galakan penyususan susu ibu
#6
Rakan Arif
Info
chaiyok!

Posted on: 2008/5/9 12:32
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Re: lagi galakan penyususan susu ibu
#7
Rakan Arif
Info
Susu ibu mmg the best..

contoh terdekat adalah anak saya sndri.. Alhamdulillah saya dpt bf anak selama 2thn 2bln.. pastu saya terpaksa wean off sbb skrg tgh plan for 2nd child..

masa bf dulu mmg dia jarang sakit. kalu adapun kejap jer dah elok. but sejak stop bf ni dia kerap kena demam, selsema n batuk..

doc ckp sbb antibodi kurang.. so terpaksalah saya bg Scott Emulcion n multivitamin..

so, kesimpulannya bf lah anak anda selama yg termampu..

sayang kdg2 tgk bb kecik2 lg dah minum fm

Posted on: 2008/5/9 13:33
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Re: lagi galakan penyususan susu ibu
#8
Rakan Setia
Info
tp org tu2 ckp.. umur anak dh 2thn elok bhenti bf.. kalo dh 2thn lebih bf.. umpama anak isap darah ibu je..
xtau la... org tua2 ckp..

Posted on: 2008/5/9 14:02
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Re: lagi galakan penyususan susu ibu
#9
Rakan Arif
Info
salam...

ayang, minum darah? memang tak logik, susu ibu adalah susu. makanan terbaik utk anak.

umur 2 tahun perut anak dah ready utk terima solid, so jadi kita boleh bagi makanan yg sepatutnya dgn peringkat umur anak.

Posted on: 2008/5/9 19:41
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Re: lagi galakan penyususan susu ibu
#10
Rakan Arif
Info
Quote:

ayang wrote:
tp org tu2 ckp.. umur anak dh 2thn elok bhenti bf.. kalo dh 2thn lebih bf.. umpama anak isap darah ibu je..
xtau la... org tua2 ckp..


kata org tua.. susu tu adalah darah haid yg diconvert menjadi susu. kata org tua juga susu tu asalnya dari darah.

hehe.

itu kata2 org tua2... skg kita dah belajar & ada argument saintifik.

mungkin ade sebab org tua2 kata mcm tu mcm ni, suma derang xde saintifik evidence.

Posted on: 2008/5/9 20:50
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